The incident response process is incomplete unless the cyber forensic investigation takes place. In fact, forensic investigation helps in identifying the causes of the attack and the main culprits behind the attack. Usually, the Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT) has to gather forensic details such as logs or artifacts in the aftermath of the incident. Doing so manually is a daunting task as data is supposed to be collected from multiple sources such as the operating system, memory, network, or even cloud.
Like the previous years, 2019 also witnessed the surge in data breaches and cyber-attacks. However, organizations having SIEM or/and SOAR system in place were better than those using traditional security tools. The cyber-attacks in 2019 were mostly related to financial crimes, supply chain attacks, phishing exploits, state-sponsored attacks, Grid attacks, health sector attacks, and attacks on IoT devices. Cybersecurity skills shortage was also one of the major concerns in 2019.
In cyberwarfare, cybersecurity threats and attacks are constantly expanding and evolving. Due to the sophistication and modern approaches used by malicious actors, security professionals in Security Operation Centers (SOCs) are unable to deal with critical threats as effectively and quickly as possible.
Undoubtedly, today’s cyber threats are very fast and sophisticated. Even their detection and prevention is no longer an easy task. To prevent organizations from being a victim of cyber threats and attacks, a proactive cybersecurity approach must be used. That is the reason the Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) framework comes into place. CTI has become a critical tool for organizations trying to protect their networks and infrastructure.
As per Gartner definition, SOAR is the set of technologies that allow enterprises to collect security threats’ alerts and data from multiple sources, and then perform incident analysis and remediation process by using both human skills and machine power together to help in defining, prioritizing, and driving standardized incident response activities in accordance with a standard workflow. The SOAR tools enable companies to describe incident analysis and response procedures, also known as “Plays” in a Security Operations Playbook, in a digital workflow format.