Access management in IT

Role of Identity and Access Management in Cybersecurity

Introduction

In IT security debates, projects aimed at managing access and identifying users are considered fundamental. However, the processes and technologies for controlling permissions have proved challenging. To solve this dilemma, what is now called Identity Access Management (IAM) was created, which involves the definition and execution of identification processes related to the most critical businesses for a company. For example, e-banking companies implement strict rules to verify identities before allowing them access to their websites.

In this article, we will examine how IAM helps and why it is important today.

The Consequences Of Problematic Access Management

When we do not have access control, it is practically impossible to guarantee that features are used only by their target users. If a problem occurs, the person responsible for the system is unable to track the person responsible for it. The lack of permission management allows users to have access to services not needed by them, making room for improper access and possible application failures. This may result in data breaches that cost millions of dollars and reputational damage.

The Importance Of Roles Of Identity In Information Security

The roles of identity are those responsible for cataloging users within a system so that everyone who has access to it can be properly authenticated, this being one of the three main pillars of information security. It is important for better access control that the roles of identities are clear and allow easy identification of the individual who wants to access them.

It is critical for information security that there is control over what a particular user needs about what he can access. The ideal is to appeal to the maxim of “minimum privileges,” where a person, through the management of permission groups, receive authorization and sees on his screen only what has been allowed.

The emergence of IAM:

One of the critical aspects of cybersecurity for businesses in today’s world is to assess organizational maturity against the fundamentals of IAM. It will provide an overview of your organization’s current situation regarding the security of your digital assets and infrastructure. Here are some important factors to consider:

  • Identity data management: It involves an assessment of the management of matters related to identity and data, in addition to the technologies, networks, and systems used for data processing across the organization.
  • Access management: The organization is using stronger authentication mechanisms, such as multifactorial authentication and federation and passport management, or just relying on a single password login.
  • Access governance: Is access to critical systems adequately governed? It is vital to make sure that everything is fine and properly working. To this end, security administrators must ensure that what policies are in place to enable the application, assessment, and audit of IAM activities and the suitability of policies.
  • Identity management: It involves the lifespan of the primary user and the management of self-service accounts, management, and user privileges.
  • Data security and analysis: Does the system allow you to manage unstructured data, perform data segmentation, identify users, and view analyzes to strengthen the security of your critical data?

Conclusion

By implementing a reliable IAM program, a company can strike a balance between security, risk reduction, training its staff (including customers and employees) to use the services they need, whenever they need them, without taking too many digital risks. In the light of advantages and failure prevention that an access management system can provide to applications, it is highly recommended that it receives due attention. Doing so can prevent data breaches; financial and reputational damage to your company.

References:

https://www.cyberdefensemagazine.com/role-of-identity-and-access-management-iam-in-cy ber-security/

http://csoonline.com/article/3251714/what-is-access-control-a-key-component-of-data-security.html

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